What is a transit of only here effect of levitra on women Venus?

When Venus passes directly between earth and online pharmacy no prescription viagra the sun, we see the distant planet as a small dot gliding slowly across the face of the sun.  Historically, this rare alignment is how we measured the levitra 20mg size of our solar system.  The view is like a front row seat to the transit method, by which we find planets around distant stars.

When is it?

The last transit of Venus occurred June 5-6, 2012.  The next pair of Sun-Venus-Earth alignments will be December 2117 and 2125.  Look for a transit of Mercury in 2016.

What happened in 2012?

People across the globe witnessed and celebrated science in action. Observing parties, public outreach, live webcasts, art exhibits, historic displays, music , and more set the 2012 transit of Venus apart as a collective science experience. 

Transit of Venus at sunset

See A Community Celebrates for a summary of the 2012 Transit of Venus from Michiana.

Transit of Venus Story

Rare Alignment

Sun, Venus, and earth align for transit of Venus
A transit of Venus occurs when Venus passes directly between the sun and earth.  This alignment is rare, coming in pairs that are eight years apart but separated by over a century.  The most recent transits of Venus were a thrilling sight in June 2004 and 2012, with the next transit of Venus pair occurring in December 2117 and 2125. 

Global Expeditions

Parallax angle from two locations
Observers from two locations on earth see two distinct paths (red and blue) of Venus across the sun.  The slight difference in times Venus takes, moving from edge to edge, can mathematically unlock the distance from earth to the sun, and thus the size of our solar system.  For 17th & 18th century transits, intrepid explorers set out to answer a leading question of mankind.  Not all of them made the natural viagra scam voyage back home.

Mystery of http://saltlakewebcentral.com/order-cheapest-viagra-online "Black Drop"

Simulated black drop smearJust before or after the circular black dot of Venus seems to touch the edge of the sun, a peculiar "black drop effect" sometimes occurs between the contact points.  A ligament of darkness smears the juncture of Venus and the sun.  You can see a similar anomaly if you almost pinch your thumb and forefinger together.  Just before you sense contact, a black feature spans your two digits.

Transits Lead the Hunt

Kepler mission's field of view near Summer Triangle
Once again, transits are on the leading edge of new discoveries.  The NASA Kepler mission and others are using the transit method to find habitable planets around distant stars.  The Kepler spacecraft monitors over 150,000 stars, looking for periodic dips in their light curves which reveal the www.wowgraphicdesigns.com presence of companion planets.  You, too, can join this quest for new worlds. 

4-Minute Summary

Video: the Transit of Venus
Animation and http://www.animationnation.com/cheapest-levitra-uk visual effects by Patrick McPike.

Get Your Gear

Three t-shirt designs

Three designs of T-shirts at reduced price from supporters of http://cambridgeacademyaz.com/viagra-mexico Transit of Venus outreach efforts.

Midwest Treasure: TROVE

Midwest Treasure: TROVE
Art exhibits, family activities, a bus tour, historic artifacts, lectures, Logo for TROVE Adventurewebcasts, telescope viewing, and more complemented the visual spectacle near the Michigan-Indiana border.  This hub of 2012 transit of Venus activity in Michiana celebrated the the best choice female levitra math, science, history, and art of the celestial phenomenon.

Safely See the Sun

Rear projection screen with transiting Venus
Protect your eyes.  There are several safe ways to observe the sun. 
  • Solar filtered telescope
  • Disposable "eclipse shades"
  • Rear projection screen
    (Build a Sun Funnel, above)
  • Live webcast
  • More

Recommended Links

Logo for Transit of Venus Project

Logo for NASA's Sun-Earth Day 2012

Logo for Facebook Group

Twitter logo

YouTube features transit of Venus videos

Video Follows Michiana Experience

A new video by Trey Burns follows the 2012 transit of Venus experience from Michiana, the region around the get levitra cheap Michigan-Indiana border.  Local transit of Venus advocates hosted numerous TROVE events that prepared the community for the June 5, 2012, alignment of Earth, Venus, and the sun. 

Trey Burns video: Transit of Venus, 2012

Burns writes, "In June of 2012, we traveled to South Bend, Indiana to document community organized events surrounding the Transit of Venus. Along the way we interviewed educators, amateur astronomers, bystanders, and an astrophysicist, who shared the meaning and significance of the Transit in 2012."


Transit of Venus Time Keg

Time Keg at site on June 5, 2012The Transit of Venus Time Keg is a modest snapshot of the 21st century transit of Venus experience.  The time capsule contents originally consisted of http://www.roli-guggers.de/overnight-viagra letters written by observers of the 2012 transit of Venus as the planet clearly passed in front of the sun on June 5.  The Time Keg was set up at a school site in Mishawaka, IN, and later at The Livery microbrewery in Benton Harbor, MI.  While the www.velikibrat.us intention had been to close the Time Keg that day, I postponed closure so I could solicit additional and more varied artifacts. The Transit of Venus Time Keg will instead be closed and sealed on October 27, 2012, at the Great Lakes Planetarium Association (GLPA) 2012 Annual Conference in Pittsburgh, PA.

If you wish to submit larger contents in advance, please contact Chuck Bueter to confirm space is available.Steve Berthel pulls out a Hoff-Stevens keg at The Livery in Benton Harbor, MI Consider the need to preserve all contents over 100 years when offering your artifacts for inclusion.  For example, letters should be written on acid-free paper with permanent black marker.  Have some fun with it and offer your personal perspective on the transit of Venus.  What would excite you if you were to open a message from across time? 

The keg itself is a stainless steel vessel donated by The Livery microbrewery in Benton Harbor, Michigan. In pulling the keg from storage, right, brewer Steve Berthel describes it as an "early-60's Hoff-Stevens keg, the old-school kind."    

Harry Miller of The Apprentice Academy prepares the opening of the time kegHarry Miller of The Apprentice Academy in South Bend, Indiana, modified the bottom so the Time Keg could accept contents that fit within a 6-inch diameter opening.  Once the http://www.aagon.de/cheapest-prices-for-viagra keg is filled with artifacts, a metal plate Miller made will be caulked and bolted over the large opening.  Additionally, an aluminum plug fits into the side bung hole that would have been filled by a wooden plug in the keg's beer days. Miller also fashioned a small metal bar that bolts over the new plug to keep it in place over time. 

Harry Miller of The Apprentice Academy prepares the lid to cover the opening of the time kegAn attached plaque will cite the year the keg is sealed and instructions to open it after 100 years.  The Transit of Venus Time Keg will initially be stored and we recommend cialis brand exhibited at the Penn-Harris-Madison (PHM) Digital Video Theater, which also houses an Air & Space Museum.  Under the direction of Art Klinger, the PHM facility has been active in transit of Venus education and public outreach in northern Indiana for both the http://eatingdisorderrecovery.com/cost-of-levitra 2004 and 2012 celestial events.

An excerpt from the live Slooh broadcast during the transit of Venus shows the Transit of Venus Time Keg with some commentary by contributor Kate Rueff.  Watch from 1:14:33 to about 1:22:00 at http://youtu.be/zcQgkqK2cEo


Time to Set Sail

Nitzschke's illustration of a transit at sunsetWhen reflecting on his transit of Venus experience in 1639, Jeremiah Horrocks wrote that he wanted to tell more people about the imminent  celestial event but was hindered by two things.  First, he wished he had had more time.  Don't we all--a little more time to tell a few more people who might appreciate knowing about this rare Sun-Venus-Earth alignment.  It was as if Horrocks sensed having privileged information about the workings of the firmament that he wanted to share. 

Second, Horrocks lamented that he had to compete with sports.  In Venus in Sole Visa he wrote, "I hope to be excused for not informing other of my friends of the expected phenomenon, but most of get cialis in canada them care little for trifles of this kind, preferring rather their hawks and their hounds." As I have said in my stump speech in the past few months, we are still competing with those hawks and hounds.  I sympathize with Horrocks and share his sentiment.

If we as a nation want to prosper through math and science, then we need to celebrate math and science in action.  The 2012 transit of Venus is a celebration of our ability to understand our place in the cosmos.  We say we want to have a nation of critical thinkers capable of making informed decisions.  So let's take that first step of science and observe.  Witness nothing less than the solar system in motion, and extrapolate the passing of a planet in front of our star to the distant points of light in our night sky.

As we on earth get ready to watch the tramadol no prescription free overnight shipping 2012 transit of Venus, astronaut Don Pettit has been preparing to capture the experience from his perch on the International Space Station (ISS).  With great zeal, Pettit has undertaken a personal mission to photograph the transit on his own time, apart from the official ISS timeline.  Pettit's story is just one of the many that I wish I had time to convey, but I've run out of earthly rotations to do it full justice. 

Even if I were given the time, I'd only find more items to overload my calendar.  Consider a small sampling of recent others waiting to be told...  Irvin Stanley was an assistant photographer to the Kerguelen Island and Patagonia expeditions of the US Naval Observatory who twice committed to the rigors and grefa.org travails of shipboard travel, a huge tradition itself in the transit of Venus narrative.  I wanted to write more about Stanley.  I wish I'd had more time to promote the program celebrating the transit of Venus in Timor-Leste.  I just saw this fabulous plate from observations in Guadalajara, Mexico, courtesy of Durruty Jesús de Alba Martínez.  I would like to learn about the 1769 Transit of Venus Observatory in Lewes, Delaware.  I wish I could have delivered a sample of beer to the Transit of Venus Real Ale Competition coordinated by David Henckel.  These are just a handful of the stories told by and about people inspired by the transit of Venus.  

We're on the cusp of the last transit of Venus in the 21st century, a celestial happenstance that could be that singular event in a young person's life that inspires them to look deeper into some natural wonder.  I hope our efforts have produced fertile ground to nurture such notions. I'd like to wax poetic about the transit of Venus and its implications for us who are fortunate enough to experience it, but time and the planets march on.

If you are in northern Indiana, I invite you to join the levitra how much TROVE celebration with me.  I'll be at Bittersweet School in Mishawaka, IN, through first and second contacts before heading to Warren Dunes State Park in Sawyer, Michigan.  There I want to watch the sun set over Lake Michigan, reminiscent of the iconic Nitzschke image with sailing ships on the horizon, shown above. Afterward, we head to The Livery microbrewery in Benton Harbor, MI, to close out this subtle yet sublime spectacle.  You can follow our celebration there at 11:00 p.m. EDT on the live Slooh broadcast.  Just before midnight, the ISS soars nearly overhead.

It's time for this ship to set sail.  Thanks to all who have been so supportive, a tome unto itself.  See you on the other side.

Transit of Venus in Pastel

Sign welcomes visitors to Transit of Venus in Pastel at Harris LibraryArt exhibit by members of Northern Indiana Pastel Society based in South Bend.

Harris Branch, Mishawaka-Penn-Harris Public Library
51446 Elm Road, Granger IN 46530
May 1 to June 9, 2012
Reception 7 to 8:30 p.m. Wednesday, May 9
Library hours: Monday - Thursday, 9 a.m. - 9 p.m.
Friday, Saturday, 9 a.m. - 6 p.m.
Sundays - Closed

Members of the Northern Indiana Pastel Society invite guests and the public to their exhibit of space-themed art May 1 to June 9 at Harris Branch, Mishawaka-Penn-Harris Public Library, 51446 Elm Road, Granger IN 46530.

Ideas such as sun, moon, stars, planets, new worlds, or Venus will be featured. The show includes 25 works by 19 artists all working in soft pastel. Pastel is an art medium in the form of a stick, consisting of pure powdered pigment and a binder. The pigments used in pastels are the same as those used to produce all colored art media, including oil paints. The color effect of pastels is closer to the natural dry pigments than that of any other process.

The exhibit is inspired by the heavenly event, June 5, 2012, when the planet Venus passes between Earth and the sun. The art show is one of many events marking the Transit of Venus in South Bend and best online generic cialis the surrounding community. Below are four pieces from the exhibit.

Pastel: Transit of Venus at Sunset, by Mona Witt
Pastel: Transit of Venus: Jovial Reunion, by Lisa Ransom Smith
Pastel: Written in the Stars, by Mary Meehan Firtl
Pastel: Eagle Nebula, by Charles Arch

Read more: Transit of Venus in Pastel


What if it's cloudy?

Pint glass for beer

Yes, a thwarted view would be disappointing, but there are options and anecdotes to calm your agitated soul.

If your observing site's weather may be marginal, consider traveling to the TROVE celebration near the Michigan-Indiana border.  Multiple attractions will insure a memorable 2012 Transit of Venus experience.  Immerse yourself in art exhibits, historical displays, planetarium programs, webcasts, public lectures, and even a Transit of Venus specialty beer!  At the fourth contact we will seal a Transit of Venus Time Keg, to be opened when the next transit of Venus pair approaches in 2117 and 2125.

If it's cloudy, you can still experience the transit of Venus in real time.  Complement your transit of Venus experience with views and commentary that are broadcast from around the world, including a live webcast from NASA EDGE or from SLOOH.  For more featured destinations, see Where to Be, or find a Sun-Earth Day Event Location through the interactive NASA map.

New Zealand observer prepares observing site

There is plenty of historical precedence for disappointment because of the vagaries of weather, but, hey, that's the nature of studying nature.  Many global expeditions outright failed due to poor weather.  Consider Henry A. Severn, pictured in New Zealand.  The article notes, "Mr. Severn's very complete and skilful arrangements were unfortunately defeated by cloudy weather occurring at the time of the transit.  Our readers will probably find it easier to sympathise with his disappointment than to realise his feelings on seeing the labour and preparation of years thus rendered useless by circumstances far beyond his own control.  Well might he exclaim, 'L'homme propose--Dieu dispose.'" 

You can still get value out of the transit of Venus experience even if clouds disappoint,

Read more: What if it's cloudy?



Google's Zeitgeist feature rated the 2004 Transit of Venus as the world's #1 Most Popular Event for all of June 2004!  The 2012 transit of Venus is the last one in the 21st century--not seen again until 2117.  You don't want to miss this rare dance of the planets!

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